This Lot is closed.
- P-Auction # 17
- Bids: 8
|Start Price 400000||Estimated Price 400000-500000|
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|Year (AH/VS/SE/AM)||1026 AH|
Jahangir, Mandu Mint, Silver Rupee, AH 1026/12 RY, Poetic "Zeenat-e-Zewar" Couplet, Mint name on top, Obv: sikka ba mandu zar yaft chandein zeenat-e-zewar, Rev: ze naam shah nuruddin jahangir ibn shah akbar, both the sides are beautifully floral decorated, 11.4g, 23.48mm, (KM#149.19A & Liddle#S138), about extremely fine, Exceedingly Rare.
Zeenat-e-Zewar couplet says "the stamp of Mandu received on coin resplendent beauty to ornament abide from the name Shah Nooruddin son of Shah Akbar".
One of the highest rarity and an important coin of Jahangir, offered for the first time in auction.
History of Mandu - Mandu urf Shadiabad is presently located in Mandavgadh in the Mandav area of the Dhar district of Madhya Pradesh. The earliest reference to Mandu is available in the Sanskrit inscription of 555 AD, which tells that Mandu was a fortified city even in the 6th century BC.
It gained prominence in 10th & 11th century under the rule of Rajput Parmars who called it Mandavgarh, from whom the control was snatched by Khiljis in 1305 AD. Then the famous ruler Allauddin Khilji named Mandav as Shadiabad which means the city of happiness Anand Nagari. And towards the end of the 11th century it came under the sway of the Taranga kingdom.
Mandu’s Golden Age –When Timur captured Delhi in the year 1401 AD, the Afghan Dilawar Khan then governor of Malwa sets up his own little kingdom and the Ghuri dynasty was established. His son Hoshang Shah, shifted the capital from Dhar to Mandu and raised it to its greatest splendor. His son and third and last ruler of Ghuri dynasty, Mohammed, ruled for just one year till his poisoning by the militaristic Mohammed Khalji.
Mandu under the Mughals and Baz Bahadur Khan- In the year AH 941/ 1534 AD Humayun attacked on one of his major rivals Bahadur Shah of Gujarat who had annexed the province to refuge in Mandu and Bahadur Shah who was also aided by Portuguese was defeated by Humayun. Humayun relaxed at Mandu for a while before leaving.
Humayun lost the kingdom to the Mallu Khan who was an office of the Khalji Dynasty. Ten years in the continuation of the feuds and invasion followed resulting in the end of Baz Bahadur Khan emerging on the top spot and ruled the area from AD 1555-1562. Hemu Vikramaditya the Commander-in-Chief and Prime Minister of Suri Army under the reign of Adil Shah Suri was sent to quell the rebellions and Hemu attacked on Mandu which led the fleeing of Baz Bahadur Khan from Mandu. Hemu appointed his governor and moved on to conquer other parts and in the meanwhile Baz Bahadur again came back to Mandu.
In 1561 AD Akbar's army led by Adham Khan and Pir Muhammad Khan attacked Malwa and defeated Baz Bahadur in the battle of Sarangpur on 29 March 1561. One of the reasons for Adham Khan's attack seems to be his love for Rani Roopmati. Rani Roopmati poisoned herself to death on hearing the news of fall of Mandu. Baz Bahadur fled to Khandesh. Akbar soon recalled Adham Khan and made over command to Pir Muhammad. Pir Muhammad attacked Khandesh and proceeded up to Burhanpur but he was defeated by a coalition of three powers: Miran Mubarak Shah II of Khandesh, Tufal Khan of Berar and Baz Bahadur of Malwa. Pir Muhammad died while retreating. The confederate army pursued the Mughals and drove them out of Malwa. Baz Bahadur regained his kingdom for a short period.
Finally in the year 1562 AD, Akbar sent another troop of army led by Abdullah Khan, the Uzbeg wo finally defeated Baz Bahadur Khan. This time he fled to Chittor in Rajputana. Baz Bahadur remained a fugitive at a number of courts till he surrendered in November, 1570 to Akbar at Nagaur and then he joined Akbar's service.
Jahangir visited Mandu in the 11th year of his reign and it is said with some sources that the Jal Mahal in Mandu was built by Jahangir but some reference shows that it was built by Khaljis in 1534 AD and Jahangir only stayed here for six months.